September 2023 Week8 Final Exam PART 1 and PART 2 Question 1 TCO A An advantage of the corporate form of

2024 Week8 Final Exam – PART 1 and PART 2 Assignment Help

Week8 Final Exam PART 1 and PART 2 Question 1 TCO A An advantage of the corporate form of 2023

Week8 Final Exam – PART 1 and PART 2 Question 1 (TCO A) An advantage of the corporate form of business is _____. (Points : 5) it is simple to establish the corporate tax rate is less than the personal tax rate corporations must pay dividends the shareholders are not responsible for the corporation’s debts Question 2 (TCO A) Which one of the following statements is correct with regard to Dividends? (Points : 5) Dividends are increased by credits. Dividends are subtracted on the Income Statement. Common stock dividends are required to be paid. Dividends reduce stockholders’ equity. Question 3 (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for LBJ Company: Cash $12,000 Prepaid insurance 1,300 Accounts receivable 7,000 Accounts payable 5,000 Notes payable 9,000 Common stock 22,000 Dividends 2,000 Revenues 45,000 Expenses 35,000 What did LBJ Company show as total debits? (Points : 5) $57,300 $81,000 $55,300 $56,000 Question 4 (TCOs B, E) Which of the following statements is incorrect with regard to accrual accounting? (Points : 5) Accrual accounting is consistent with the matching principle. Accrual accounting does not record expenses until they are paid. Accrual accounting is more complex than cash basis accounting. Accrual accounting is required by GAAP. Question 5 (TCO D) Three different companies each utilize a different inventory costing method. If the price of goods has increased during the period, then the company using _____. (Points : 5) FIFO will have the highest ending inventory FIFO will have the highest cost of goods sold LIFO will have the lowest cost of goods sold LIFO will have the highest ending inventory Question 6 (TCOs A, E) Equipment was purchased for $85,000. Freight charges amounted to $2,550 and there was a cost of $10,000 for building a foundation and installing the equipment. It is estimated that the equipment will have a $5,000 salvage value at the end of its 6-year useful life. Depreciation expense each year using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points : 5) $13,333 $16,258 $15,425 $13,578 Question 7 (TCOs D, G) When the market rate of interest is equal to the stated rate of interest on the bond, the bond will require _____. (Points : 5) a debit to Discount on Bonds Payable a credit to Discount on Bonds Payable a credit to Bonds Payable a debit to Bonds Payable Question 8 (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $50,000 and $45,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $150,000. Based on these transactions, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows would be _____. (Points : 5) $195,000 $145,000 $115,000 $155,000 Question 9 (TCO F) Which one of the following tools uses the percentage change formula to make year-over-year comparisons of sales growth? (Points : 5) Horizontal analysis Common-size analysis Vertical analysis Ratio analysis Question 10 (TCO F) When performing a common-size Income Statement, the 100% figure is _____. (Points : 5) net sales total liabilities plus stockholders’ equity net income total assets Question 11 (TCO F) Ratios are most useful in expressing _____. (Points : 5) cause-and-effect relationships the relationships between numbers the delta between numbers the root cause of the problem Question 12 (TCO F) Creditors are usually most concerned with analyzing _____. (Points : 5) the company stock price turnover liquidity profitability Question 13 (TCO F) Shareholders are usually most interested in evaluating _____. (Points : 5) profitability leverage turnover the ability to pay debts as they come due Question 14 (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) multiply the stated rate times the bond’s face value calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of both the principal and the interest calculate the present value of the interest only PART 2 Page 2 Question 1 (TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.’s 2012 Annual Report: Income Taxes Payable $471 Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities 8,109 Cash 8,442 Other non-current Liabilities 10,449 Common Stock 1,760 Receivables 4,812 Other Current Asset 2,973 Long-term Investments 10,448 Other Non-current Assets 3,585 Property, Plant and Equipment 23,486 Trademarks 6,527 Other Intangible Assets 20,810 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 53 Accumulated Depreciation 9,010 Accounts Payable 8,680 Short Term Notes Payable 17,874 Prepaid Expenses 2,781 Other Current Liabilities 796 Long-Term Liabilities 14,736 Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value 11,379 Retained Earnings 55,038 Inventories 3,264 Treasury Stock 35,009 Other information taken from the Annual Report: Sales Revenue for 2012 $48,017 Cost of Goods Sold for 2012 19,053 Net Income for 2012 9,019 Inventory Balance on 12/31/11 3,092 Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11 4,920 Total Assets on 12/31/11 79,974 Equity Balance on 12/31/11 31,921 Required: 1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each. (Points : 36) Question 2 (TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Walmart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013: Accounts Payable $38,080 Accounts Receivable 6,768 Cash 7,781 Common Stock 3,952 Cost of Goods Sold 352,488 Income Tax Expense 7,981 Interest Expenses 2,064 Membership Revenues 3,048 Net Sales 466,114 Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses 88,873 Retained Earnings 72,978 Required: Using the information provided above: 1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement 2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results. (Points : 36) Question 3 (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the two questions below: Cash flow from operating activities In millions In millions For the year ended 2012 For the year ended 2011 Net (loss) earnings $(12,650) $7,074 Depreciation and amortization 5,095 4,984 Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets 18,035 885 Stock-based compensation expense 635 685 Provision for doubtful accounts 142 81 Provision for inventory 277 217 Restructuring charges 2,266 645 Deferred taxes on earnings (711) 166 Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition (12) (163) Other, net 265 (46) Accounts and financing receivables 1,269 (227) Inventory 890 (1,252) Accounts payable (1,414) 275 Taxes on earnings (320) 610 Restructuring (840) (1,002) Other assets and liabilities (2,356) (293) Net cash provided by operating activities 10,571 12,639 Cash flows from investing activities: Investment in property, plant, and equipment (3,706) (4,539) Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment 617 999 Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments (972) (96) Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment 662 68 Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (141) (10,480) Proceeds from business divestiture, net 87 89 Net cash used in investing activities (3,453) (13,959) Cash flow from financing activities: (Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net (2,775) (1,270) Issuance of debt 5,154 11,942 Payment of debt (4,333) (2,336) Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans 716 896 Repurchase of common stock (1,619) (10,117) Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation 12 163 Cash dividends paid (1,015) (844) Net cash used in financing activities (3,860) (1,566) Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 3,258 (2,886) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 8,043 10,929 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $11,301 $8,043 Required: 1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the total line of the operating, investing, and financing sections bolded above and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections. 2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio. (Points : 36) Question 4 (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company’s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the “GAAP menu.” Assuming the goal is to maximize net income , choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet. Required: a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment in which prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose—LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales. b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment, including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)? (Points : 36) Question 5 (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below. Ratio Name Johnson & Johnson Pfizer Profit margin 16.1% 24.7% Inventory turnover ratio 3.1 1.7 Average collection period 59.4 days 69.1 days Cash debt coverage ratio .27 .16 Debt to Total assets 46.6% 127.5% Required: 1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above. 2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio. (Points : 36) Ratio Name Johnson & Johnson Pfizer Profit margin 16.1% 24.7% Inventory turnover ratio 3.1 1.7 Average collection period 59.4 days 69.1 days Cash debt coverage ratio .27 .16 Debt to Total assets 46.6% 127.5%

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