1.) One of the goals of psychology is to describe behavior. For this activity, the description of the behavior is the chicken crossing the road. Next, psychology attempts to explain the behavior. Different schools of thought explain the behavior from a different angle. The behavior is the same (crossing the road), but the explanation for doing so is different.

Completing this assignment will allow you to demonstrate that you are able to:

  • Identify psychological schools of thought, and their basic premises
  • Describe two of the goals of psychology (describe, explain, predict, manipulate)
  • Organize and accurately present material, and
  • Apply APA formatting within the text and for end-of-text references, when appropriate.

Instructions:

  • For each school of thought below:
    • Give a brief description, in your own words, of the theory
    • Detail the key points associated with the theory
  • Use the following questions as a guide, providing complete answers:
    • According to the theory, what led the chicken across the road?
    • According to the theory, what motivated the chicken?
    • According to the theory, what did the chicken get out of crossing the road?
  • Each theory listed below is unique. Be sure to include information about why the chicken crossed the road that would be addressed by that particular theory.

Theories to be Used:

  • Freud –Psychodynamic
  • Skinner and/or Watson – Behaviorism
  • Rogers and/or Maslow – Humanism

Please review the rubric for this assignment to ensure you got it all right.

Rubric

Chicken Crossed the Road

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAccurately depicts knowledge of goals of psychologyIntegrates the four goals of psychology, from the module.

2.0 pts

Fully integrated and accurate

1.0 pts

Minor gaps in specificity or detail

0.0 pts

Missing or inaccurate

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCorrectly explains Freudian theory

2.0 pts

Fully integrated and accurate

1.0 pts

Minor gaps in specificity or detail

0.0 pts

Missing or inaccurate

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCorrectly explains Behavioralism

2.0 pts

Fully integrated and accurate

1.0 pts

Minor gaps in specificity or detail

0.0 pts

Missing or inaccurate

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCorrectly explains Humanism

2.0 pts

Fully integrated and accurate

1.0 pts

Minor gaps in specificity or detail

0.0 pts

Missing or inaccurate

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWell organized and clear

2.0 pts

Logical flow of information; no clarity issues

1.0 pts

Minor organizational or clarity issues

0.0 pts

Lack of clarity; may in part be due to grammatical, spelling, or typographical errors

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAll questions answered fully and consistently

3.0 pts

Full description with no inaccuracies

2.0 pts

Minor errors but all questions addressed

1.0 pts

Minor errors and not all questions addressed

0.0 pts

Major errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIn-text citations provided as appropriate; formatted according to APA style

1.0 pts

0-2 errors

0.0 pts

3 or more errors; lack of APA formatting; lack of citations in text

1.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeReference provided and formatting according to APA style

1.0 pts

0-2 errors

0.0 pts

3 or more errors; lack of APA formatting; lack of references

1.0 pts

Total Points: 15.0

2.) Psychologists use the scientific method to learn more about behavior. You’ve learned about many methods that psychologists use to collect research data. In this assignment, you will focus on the experiment.

By completing this assignment, you will demonstrate that you are able to:

  • Describe how experiments are used
    • Distinguish between independent and dependent variables
    • Distinguish between a control group and experimental group
  • Organize and accurately present material, and
  • Apply APA formatting within the text and for end-of-text references, when appropriate

Instructions:

  1. Design an experiment to test the hypothesis that nicotine impairs driving ability.
    • In describing your design and how you will test this, please make sure to include the following:
      • Identify and operationally define your independent and dependent variables
      • How will you divide your participants into groups? Why would you do it this way?
      • Identify possible extraneous variables and discuss how you will control them.
  2. Be sure to cite sources, including the textbook, as appropriate.

Please review the rubric for this assignment to ensure you earn full credit.

Rubric

Design an Experiment Rubric

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStudy described is an experiment and not a correlational study or a quasi-experiment

2.0 pts

Clearly an experiment

1.0 pts

Closer to a quasi-experiment

0.0 pts

Correlational study

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExperiment described would test the hypothesis

2.0 pts

Clearly and fully tests the hypothesis

1.0 pts

Minimally tests the hypothesis

0.0 pts

Would not test the hypothesis

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDescription of testing process complete, and ethical

2.0 pts

Description complete and ethical

1.0 pts

Missing minor details or minor ethical concerns

0.0 pts

Missing major details; unethical

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeControl and experimental group correctly and clearly identified

2.0 pts

Both the control and experimental groups are correctly and clearly identified

1.0 pts

Both the control and the experimental groups are correctly identified; missing details

0.0 pts

Incorrect or missing

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWell organized and clear

2.0 pts

Logical flow of information; no clarity issues

1.0 pts

Minor organizational or clarity issues

0.0 pts

Major organizational or clarity issues

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIn-text citations provided as appropriate; formatted according to APA style

2.0 pts

No errors

1.0 pts

1-3 errors

0.0 pts

4 or more errors; lack of sources; APA formatting not used

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIndependent and dependent variables identified correctly and operationally defined

3.0 pts

Both independent and dependent variables identified correctly and operationally defined

2.0 pts

Both identified correctly; operational definitions missing details

1.0 pts

Missing operational definitions; operational definitions incorrect

0.0 pts

Either independent or dependent variable is incorrect

3.0 pts

Total Points: 15.0

3.)

  • Explain what a correlation is.
    • Distinguish between positive and negative correlations
    • Describe the strength of the relationship between variables
    • Explain why correlations can predict but not reveal cause
  • Organize and accurately present material, and
  • Apply APA formatting within the text and for end-of-text references, when appropriate

Instructions:

In your initial posting, answer the following questions:

  • Provide your own unique example of a correlation. This could be from your own life, from the news, or from movies/books/television. Do not submit one found in the textbook. Make sure this is a correlation and not a cause and effect relationship. For example, “I eat more and weigh more,” is a positive correlation but very likely cause and effect. Submit a correlation that is not simply obvious cause and effect.
  • Is the correlation you’ve provided a zero correlation, a positive correlation, or a negative correlation? How do you know?
  • How strong do you believe the correlation is between your two variables? What correlation coefficient do you think would be associated with this correlation?
  • What makes you think this is a correlation and not a cause and effect relationship? Explain.
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