There are different ways to understand Chinese revolution cinema and its films offer one option. For the past decades, the Chinese film sector has undergone significant transformation. Still, even several researchers cannot give apparent explanation for the continued decline of the film industry. There were more than 300 films produced in the 1990s compared to 100 projects annually between 2000 and 2020(Lamarre, 2017). Politics, traditions, and society have had a significant effect on filmmaking, especially in China. Contrastingly, many contemporary Chinese directors take part in global film festivals, and their films have won different film industry awards, portraying their professionalism and success. Also, each decade declines and new challenges can be seen, raising the fundamental question of the quality of Chinese cinema and films(Lent & Xu, 2010). Such factors including global relationships, public consciousness, fashion, and Chinese Cultural Revolution have significantly impacted the film industry development in the country. This paper will examine the Chinese revolution cinema based on two martial arts films:Crouching Tiger and The Red Detachment of Women
The martial arts films history started in the 1920s when dynasty of Shanghai was acknowledged and recognized(Song, 2018). This was the time when spirit of the nation and nationalism played a crucial role. The Sino-Japanese War II outcomes shaped both the film industry and the literature (Zhouxiang, 2018). Still, responding to relentless desire and doubt to show as much craft and art as possible on the television, film producers combined wuxia and kung fu which resulted in the distortions of distinctions between martial arts and violence. Fantastic work, tricks and movements of stunt-masters transformed and became distinguishable and popular. Many concerted efforts were initiated to buttress wuxia films, and one strategic was to add romance to artistic fights and human relationships.
For instance, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is one of the best examples of revolution success in the contemporary film industry of China. Even though the film was produced in 2000, it set standards and established norms that persist today(Lamarre, 2017). Some individuals do not regard it a true martial arts or wuxia fill. Nonetheless, the beauty, character dialogue and choreography of Chinese culture facilitated the promotion of the concept of symbolism in film production. The beauty and elegance of each element, from background music to surrounded forests and sword, increased the audience interest(Yau, 2018). In the movie, the fighters had a code of honor, and they demonstrated the value of fairness/justice in both human relationships and in war properly. The movie drew people attention from various parts of globe, and the global awards it won was the best evidence of the revolution and success of the film industry.
In comparison to Crouching Tiger, The Red Detachment of Womenset out the martial arts themes through the discourse of social collectivism and individual heroism in the public sphere for the socialist state citizens. Chinese government is far from ideals of democratic such as choice and freedom, and movies are not meant to trigger new conflicts between different interests(Lent & Xu, 2010). Nonetheless, an idea of order and revolutionary actions may be described in various ways and in the movie, The Red Detachment of Women, the director attempts to combine collectivism and individualism in order to underpin the role of personal progress and the power of socialism in social life. The life story of a girl, her development and growth, and willingness and readiness to take part in decision making and problem solving served as the best propaganda for political philosophies and ideas(Zhu & Nakajima, 2010). The discourse over the power of women and gender inequality showed the true objectives of socialism in comparison to nationalism. When an attempt is made to glorify the government and destroy all interior and exterior threats, factors such as education, age and gender do not have an impact, and the wuxia films of the contemporary society demonstrated how work of the art with is objective could be designed and created.
Lastly, in a discourse of the Chinese film sector, it is important to concentrate on the impactful role of Bruce Lee and the manner in which his art transformed people’s perceptions and the world. The martial arts popularization and the diminishing of the gap between eastern and western cultures were the two key characteristics of Lee’s artistic work(Lent & Xu, 2010). His quality, speed, and strength movement were acknowledged by audiences of all races, genders and ages. The Enter the Dragon, Fist of Fury and The Big Bossdemonstrated to people that martial arts might be employed to raise consciousness and find meaning(Marshall, 2017). Individual heroism was not an evil act but a virtue that raised the power and influence of Chinese film production around the world.
Political and economic revolutions played a crucial role in the progress and development of the Chinese film sector. Due to continue change in the number of audiences, the cinema culture persist to evolve, with more than fifty thousand movie screens in 2020(Teo, 2021).Conversely, new options and opportunities are becoming more available to film producers. The achievements of various nations in the same field can be compared in terms of financial contexts(Marshall, 2017). Nonetheless, the idea of competition cannot be disregarded, and China, as any other country, has to work hard to get the best achievements and showcase the highest quality of stunt performance, plot, and shooting. In the discourse of the animation history, it was stated that some crew members and directors support the cooperation from foreign countries due to the likelihood of higher earnings. For instance, the impact of Hollywood globally is so high in terms of financial earnings.
Generally, the development and history of Chinese Film Industry deserve greater recognition and attention. It is not often possible to concentrate on the progress in one film industry field when other occupations and industries are under control of the government. Multiple economic and political biases cannot be disregarded, though Chinese producers have shown their self-confidence and passion during various eras of the country’s economic and social development. Internal and external aspects have played a significant role, and Hollywood is one crucial factor in the revolution of the Chinese movie industry. In spite of unnecessary attempts and mistakes at imitation, Chinese films have considerably improved during past decades, demonstrating a high level of expertise and professionalism of Chinese actors and directors, as well as the historical and cultural influence of the country.