Pollution is amongst the most dangerous health concerns that are affecting the American population and the world at large. More specifically, air pollution has been identified as the most common case of pollution. It is causing negative health effects on both the young and old alike. The air pollutants are mainly from industries, chemicals and emissions from vehicle exhausts. In the earth’s atmosphere, the poisonous gases and fumes emitted can accumulate to great heights thereby resulting to the creation of the greenhouse effect. Consequently, bringing a negative change to the entire climate. The changes on the climate triggered by air pollutants have raised health-connected issues on the USA population. In line to the WHO statement, climatic changes and pollution are likely to affect the economic and societal elements of health clean drinking water and air, enough supply of food and protected shelter. The World Health Organization also outlined that air pollution and adverse effects of climate change have led to a close of 200000 deaths annually. The deaths have resulted from heat stress, malnutrition, diarrhea, and malaria caused by air pollutants and climatic parameters. Air pollution can also cause respiratory (Kipen, Laumbach, 2012) and cardiovascular diseases (Kurt, Zhang, & Pinkerton, 2016). Furthermore, a person might develop bronchitis, cancer and even asthma.
Factors that contribute to the overall pollution of the air.
Air pollution can be caused by anthropogenic and natural factors. The natural causes result from natural phenomena hence result from periodic actions, which have no human influence. The pollutants under this category are subject to the natural changes. They include:
1.) Volcanic eruptions.
When an eruption occurs, large amounts of ash, chlorine and Sulphur are released into the atmospheric air. The materials block sunrays from reaching the surface of the earth thereby creating a cooling effect.
2.) Wildfires and pungent dust.
Dust is mostly evident in bare and arid regions. In the case of sandstorms, dust is filled in the air raising the temperatures. On the other hand, wildfires release carbon (II) oxide and smoke that increase the levels of carbon. The overall effect is the greenhouse.
3.) Plants and animals.
When digestion occurs in animals, particularly cattle, methane is given out which is a greenhouse gas hence increasing the temperatures. Plant vegetation cover emit volatile biological compounds that mix with Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon mixtures to produce a vapor that are sufficient with ozone.
The man-made factors contributing to air pollution and climate change include emissions from fossil fuels, waste in landfills, animal husbandry and crop growing. Heavy manufacturing industries have also contributed to air pollution.