Types of Paragraphs: Based on Writing, Structure and Format | Assignment Collections | assignmentcollections.com


Paragraphs do not appear in isolation; they are interrelated to each other. This is especially true when you’re reading a book or a magazine, where elements like topic sentences and introductions ensure that all paragraphs are related to the content. Likewise, a paragraph should result from the organization of information and ideas and not merely from a line break. That’s why there are different types of paragraphs for writers to use and consider.

What are Paragraphs?

Paragraphs can be seen in both creative and expository writing. New paragraphs are indented in essays, research papers, books, and other literature to indicate where they begin. A new indentation marks the beginning of each new paragraph.

A paragraph’s goal is to concisely and uniquely represent the speaker’s ideas on a given topic. In other words, concepts or ideas shouldn’t be jumbled together in paragraphs. Usually, a writer will start a new paragraph when introducing a new idea.

What are the Types of Paragraphs?

A paragraph can be described, narrative, persuasive, explanatory, or illustrated based on its content and structure. The five main types of paragraphs in writing are descriptive, narrative, compelling, and explanatory.

Paragraphs come in many different types. Each type has its characteristics, which make it different from other types of paragraphs. The following are some of the most common types of paragraphs:

1. Descriptive

We use a descriptive paragraph to describe something or someone to your audience. We frequently choose this style if you wish to give specifics about something or an event. All descriptive sentences use the five senses—taste, touch, feel, sight, and sound. Writing an essay: As you use more descriptive language, the reader will understand the author better.

The ideal descriptive paragraph should create a vivid picture that makes the reader feel as though they are there. For writers of fiction, a descriptive paragraph is appropriate. Put the subject of your description in the topic sentence of your paragraph. Give precise information about the features and uses of the object in the supporting sentences. Transitional phrases can also be used in the center, foreground, or far distance.

If the final sentence refers to the item you are describing, you can move on to the paragraph that came before. In general, the language used should help the audience visualize what is being spoken, as described in the section below: The car is filled with six dreadful males. They are trying to save a naked man. One of them is armed with a revolver.

2. Narrative Paragraphs

A narrative paragraph’s goal is to describe an instance or a tale. It might be an occurrence in nature, a personal story, or a book.

The narrative paragraph’s events should be ordered chronologically by the author. They should therefore appear in the sequence in which they occurred.

The central theme and characters should be involved in the narrative paragraph. For the reader to comprehend where they occurred, you should give enough detail and context.

Such a paragraph ought to be broken down into three main parts. Before telling the story and drawing a conclusion, they ought to provide some background information. The event or story, as well as its setting, should be mentioned in the topic sentence.

There are three possible phases for the event. They set the story’s beginning, middle, and end. The story’s opening could be its worst flaw.

The main events of the story are covered in the middle. As shown in the example below, the end should act as the story’s resolution:

I met John last week, and we shared a delicious pizza. We enjoyed ourselves together at a golf competition after we ate.

3. Persuasive Paragraphs

The author expresses his viewpoint on the issue or subject in the persuasive paragraph. Such a paragraph aims to persuade the reader to agree with the writer’s position on a contentious issue or undertaking.

This paragraph’s structure is similar to that of an explanatory essay because it helps to provide comforting information about the topic.

By using a rhetorical question, you can influence the reader’s opinion. You can utilize emotionally charged phrases to get the audience to react.

Such a paragraph should support the author’s viewpoint with facts and information. Such paragraphs can be used in speeches or editorial essays, among other types of writing. The main objective of this type of writing is to persuade the reader in a reasonable amount.

Such instances persuade the reader to feel sure about a setting or particular individual. Let’s look at the subsequent illustration:

  • The beach is the ideal location for a holiday getaway.
  • This is the case since going to the beach is more enjoyable.
  • These include swimming, surfing, and hiking. You can unwind while taking in the sound of the ocean waves and the refreshing breeze.

4. Explanatory Paragraphs

If you need to explain how a specific thing operates, you must use an explanation paragraph. If you are stepping someone through a process, you can sue that person. Such a paragraph would provide the reader with specific information regarding a particular issue.

Such paragraphs include instructions, or you will need to define that specific method logically. Make sure that these paragraphs contain accurate information so the reader can fully comprehend the process.

You start by introducing the subject of the topic sentence. Let the supplementary sentences detail each stage of the entire process. It must give pertinent information and explain why soothing should take place.

You can still use transitional language in this section. Words like next, eventually, finally, and others may be included in this.

You should provide a summary of the procedure in the conclusion section, as seen in the example below:

Making tea is a pretty straightforward process:

  • Boil the milk first.
  • The milk should be given the proper amount of water to bring it back to a boil. To achieve the desired hue, add some tea leaves after that.
  • Take it out of the oven or stovetop and serve it hot.

5. Illustration Paragraphs

Authors use such a paragraph to explain an idea by providing specific examples. However, you should explain how they connect to the main ideas.

The paragraph should adhere to a precise format to help the author effectively convey the idea to the audience. The topic sentence might express the central concept.

You can also utilize transitional words or phrases to highlight a specific topic. Such transitional words are necessary for the three body paragraphs of a 5-paragraph essay, for example.

Give appropriate examples in the supporting sentences to let the main idea pop. The examples’ purpose is to help the writer coherently illustrate a concept. The conclusion needs to connect the instances to the main argument.


Make sure you work with a real estate professional before you purchase any land. The agent may have helpful information that can enable you to negotiate a better price.

These include determining the safest location to purchase land and the reasonable asking price. Land purchases typically take time and require patience.

How to Build a Good Paragraph

Your ideas should flow naturally and be organized in a paragraph. This enables one to change from one thinking to another. A paragraph should stick to the central concept and provide a clear picture.

Let’s stick to the fundamental structure, no matter how lengthy or short a paragraph is. Ensure the information flows in a way that links to the sentences before.

1. Make a topic sentence for the opening paragraph

Your paragraph’s first line should offer the reader the kind of information they may expect to find throughout the rest of the text.

The opening sentences should paint a picture that directs the reader’s attention to the following sentences. In other words, the first part of these lines should establish the key idea, which the rest should work to support.

2. Allow the middle sentences to support you

The significant sentences in this paragraph or the one before it should be complemented by the middle sentence. You can use this mid-sentence to persuade the reader of the critical concept you mentioned in the opening sentences.

Explain every aspect of the initial concept so that the audience can understand it from your point of view.

3. Let the last phrase serve as a transition or summary

The topic of that specific paragraph can be summarized in the final sentences of the paragraph. Before moving on to the themes of the sentences, this concluding sentence should provide a summary of the information you presented.

If the content in the preceding paragraph wasn’t completely covered, let this last sentence lead the reader to the next section.

4. Be aware of when to start a new paragraph

A paragraph break is required when you are beginning a new topic. Use a new paragraph whenever you are introducing a new concept.

The purpose of a paragraph break is to create a new context in which new concepts or characters can emerge. They are excellent at creating new feelings or emotions for the reader.

There is no set number of sentences for each paragraph in this scenario. In some circumstances, a paragraph of just one sentence may be sufficiently provided it supports your main point. You need to be careful not to overload your viewers with information.

5. Utilize transitional verbs

The purpose of transitional phrases is to link independent paragraphs. The transitional word links the sentences together to create a logical thought. By figuring out how your ideas relate to one another, the readers employ these abilities to follow your ideas.

These words, which include expressions like “even so,” let the concept flow naturally and make reading more enjoyable. The strategy benefits bloggers and essayists who will concentrate on a single idea as they communicate it to their audience.

Purpose of a Paragraph

A paragraph is a group of sentences that share a single topic. All the sentences in a paragraph should be about the same thing, and all should develop one main idea. Paragraphs are usually grouped by topic, but they can also be grouped by structure or tone.

A paragraph should contain one main idea and support it with evidence. It may include more than one supporting idea, but most paragraphs have only one main idea. The purpose of a paragraph is to make an argument, explain something or describe something.

Paragraphs are essential because they help organize your ideas and create a coherent paper. They also allow you to explain complex concepts simply by dividing them into smaller parts and arranging them logically.

Paragraph Structure

The most common way to structure your paragraphs is by using what is known as an inverted pyramid model: You begin with the most vital point (the apex) and then move down through weaker points until you conclude the base of the pyramid. This model generally works best for expository writing (when explaining something), but it can also be used for persuasive writing (when arguing for something).

The paragraph should have one main idea supported by facts, details, examples and definitions. Each paragraph should be limited to one main idea and no more than three supporting ideas or points. Paragraphs can also contain transitional words or phrases (such as “next” or “finally”) that indicate how statements relate within a paragraph or between paragraphs.

  1. Each paragraph must have one main topic sentence; this sentence must tell readers what the paragraph will be about.
  2. Each paragraph should contain at least 3-4 sentences; each sentence must support the main topic and express an idea contributing to understanding the main issue.
  3. Use transitions to connect ideas within paragraphs, between paragraphs, and cross sections of your essay or answer (if applicable).
  4. Grammar in Paragraphs: Write clearly and precisely in active voice only. Avoid passive voice unless it adds meaning to your writing. Use adjectives sparingly; they add unnecessary weight to your writing. Use adverbs only if they add meaning to your sentence; otherwise, leave them out altogether.

Tips to Write a Paragraph

  1. Make each sentence clear and concise with a subject, verb and object (SVO). Make sure there is a topic statement that leads into your supporting paragraphs that build on your topic statement.
  2. Use short sentences or phrases along with long sentences or phrases to make your paragraph exciting and appealing.
  3. Use parallel structure by repeating certain words or phrases throughout your paragraphs, so they flow smoothly together. For example, start each sentence with the same word or phrase or end each sentence with the same word or phrase: “To be successful in life, one must have determination.”
  4. Present your information in an organized manner so your readers can easily understand it. A paragraph is a group of sentences that are related to each other and make sense when read together. Paragraphs are typically used to make a point or support an argument. While writing, you must ensure that your paragraphs are coherent and well-structured.
  5. Start your paragraph by writing a topic sentence that captures the reader’s attention. Then, use supporting details to prove your point. End the paragraph with a concluding sentence that leaves the reader with a positive impression of what you have written.

Bottom Line

Readers can easily understand the content if it is well organized and written. This will help them to go through text without losing interest. The paragraphs should be short and straightforward. If a writer uses complex words in the paragraph, readers can not understand these words. Secondly, readers can lose attention. So it is better to write simple sentences.


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