How are IP addresses allocated?
IP address allocation is done to Internet hosts, a fundamental part of internet governance. The process of allocating internet protocol (IP) addresses to hosts, typically to distinguish them from other hosts and assign them an internet protocol (IP) address in an address space. The IP address allocation process begins with a request for allocation of an IP address from a Regional Internet Registry (RIR). These organizations allocate the IP addresses and manage the internet zone databases for their respective regions. RIRs are regionally accredited by one or more regional accreditation agencies, such as the Internet Company for Assigned Designations and Numbers (Yasin et al., 2018). the RIRs perform this function on behalf of the global Internet community and are overseen and sometimes mandated by the internet community. The allocation of IP addresses to hosts is an essential part of internet governance; without it, the Internet would not function. The RIRs perform the allocation of IP addresses on behalf of the Internet community as a whole ( Cerf and Kahn,1974). The Internet hosts are eligible to receive IP addresses only if they are located in the Internet zone of a RIR. once an Internet host receives an IP address from an RIR, it may use that address to access the Internet. When a request for allocation of an IP address is received, the RIRs perform a series of checks to determine if the request is valid. If the request is valid, the RIRs perform the allocation of the IP address to the requestor.
How are IP addresses linked to website names?
The IP addresses are linked to website names (URLs) through the allocation process. When a request for allocation of an IP address is received, the RIRs perform a series of checks to determine if the request is valid. If the request is valid, the RIRs perform the allocation of the IP address to the requestor. The allocation of an IP address linked to a website name(s) is performed through delegation. Delegation is an Internet protocol (IP) address assigned to another entity. The process is conducted by a Regional Internet Registry (RIR) under the oversight of the Internet Business for Given Designations and Numbers, also known as ICANN. If a delegation request is received, the RIRs perform the delegation to the requestor on behalf of the global internet community to ensure that only legitimate entities are granted IP addresses (LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP., a Nevada corporation, Plaintiff, v. UNKNOWN REGISTRANTS OF www.wn0000.com, www.wn1111.com, www.wn2222.com, www.wn3333.com, www.wn4444.com, www.wn5555.com, www.wn6666.com, www.wn7777.com, www.wn8888.com, www.wn9999.com, www.112211.com, www.4456888.com, www.4489888.com, www.001148.com, and www.2289888.com, Defendants., 2016). if a delegation is granted, the RIR assigns the requested IP address to the requestor and returns the delegation to ICANN. Still, if the delegation is refused, the RIRs review the request to ensure it was properly denied. If a review is not performed, the RIRs return the request to the requestor. If the requestor does not respond within a reasonable amount of time, the RIRs report the request to the requestor. The RIRs perform this function on behalf of the global internet community.
What are the top domains, and how many of them exist?
The highest-level domain scheme is a three-level hierarchical naming system to assign internet domain names. It is administered by the Internet Allocated Numbers Specialist, a non-profit organization under the Internet Firm for Allocated Names and Numbers that assigns Internet protocol (IP) addresses to Internet domains. The first level of the TLD system is the subdomain system, which contains the top-level domains such as .com, .org, and .net (Zhang et al., 2019). The second level of the TLD system is the second-level domain system, which consists of domain names that are two characters long and which are not registered to a TLD. The number of top-level domains on the Internet is over two hundred, including the most popular TLDs such as .com, .org, and .net. The highest level of the TLD system is the root domain system, which consists of the top-level domains (TLDs) such as .com, .org, and .net (Mcgraw, 1964). The root domain system is the most important part of the TLD system because it is the part of the TLD system used to build domain names on the Internet and is the part of the TLD system that is most widely recognized by the general public. the root domain system currently consists of the following top-level domains: .com, .org, and .net
Why were Jon Postel’s actions significant?
Jon Postel’s actions were important because they helped usher in the modern Internet. Jon Postel contributed to project management in the early days by helping to create many of the standards in networking protocols used today. He introduced the use of the Internet domain name scheme, the Domain Designation System, which is widely regarded as one of the most important technical achievements of the Internet (Suzuki, 2020). he was the first person to assign subdomain names to the Internet domains. His actions were particularly important for linking the many new TLDs to their top-level domain(s). he also introduced the idea of the Internet protocol suite and the first four protocols, which later became widely known as the “HTTP” protocols. He helped define the Internet technologies that most people know today. Jon Postel’s actions have helped establish the system that enables us to use the Internet for everything, including running our business, finding a date, communicating with friends and family, and so much more. Postel’s actions were especially important in developing the current internet infrastructure (Kleinrock, 1961). He created the DNS and was responsible for creating the Internet map and defining the IP protocol suite. He was the architect of the original NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) internet protocol, which has been the basis for most internet mail since. He was also a leader in the IETF, the precursor to the Internet Engineering Taskforce.